10 Puppy Facts You May Not Know!
Puppy Facts: Love puppies? It is hard not to, but how much do you know about puppies? See how many of these puppy facts that you know.
Puppies are too young to know fear around 4 weeks old, meaning they do not startle easily which is why puppies are at high risk for being crushed if dropped, drowned in buckets of water or drowned in toilet bowls if left alone unattended where a sink might be running with the lid up .
The reason that people think their pup is drowning when put into a bucket of water is because they are paddling frantically trying to stay afloat, but aren’t strong enough yet to do it until around 5-6 weeks old – so yes, you CAN drown your puppy by accident by leaving him unattended in the sink with the water running!
Puppies should not be bathed until they are at least 8 weeks old and any soap or shampoo can cause them to become very sick (irritation to their eyes, coat damage) which is why it’s important to use organic puppy shampoo made for dogs under 15lbs. Even if you bought an “all-natural” product, your pup does not need bath time unless it is visible dirt or smells like urine or feces.
Here are some other facts you may not be aware of listed below.
#1. Puppies are born blind and deaf.
Because of the short gestation period, puppies are born deaf and blind. A shorter pregnancy is thought to have helped canines survive by allowing the Dam to still hunt for food and defend itself.
#2. Some breeds need C sections.
Some breeds, because of the shape of their bodies are nearly always born through Cesarean section.
The culprit is generally a big head, Such is the case with French Bulldog puppies which has led some to call breeding them unethical. Other breeds that often require C sections are English Bulldogs and the Pekingese.
Both the French Bulldog Club of America and the UK Kennel Club are against breeding this type of dogs because it alters their genetic diversity.
Mortality in very young pups is also high, with only 87% surviving until 12 weeks compared to 97% for other breeds. Pregnancy can take much longer than 9 weeks which has caused some breeders to artificially inseminate mothers after 7 months, despite evidence that doing so reduces longevity.
As far as the ethical issues here go, I’m not sure what to say. On one hand, even if you allow human intervention in nature’s course (which you should), it seems wrong to start selecting traits just because they’re aesthetically pleasing. If you’re going to choose a trait, it should have some benefits to offset the pains and costs of having it.
On the other hand, what’s so wrong about breeding animals that are going to be healthier because of their traits? I mean, yeah you might have deleterious genes in your past but they’ve been bred right out of your family line!
#3. Puppies have to poop after eating.
If you are a potty training, you should know that puppies have a very strong gastrocolic reflex. When the stomach fills, the body releases hormones that tell the intestines to contract and make way for more food. More contractions mean more poop.
So as a responsible pet parent, you have to experience all the “joys” of potty training your adorable puppy!
But, have you ever wondered how your dog’s digestive system works to make that poop?
Let me explain it all to you.
How does a puppy’s stomach empty? How long can they hold their poop before needing to poo again? What are the stages of digestion in puppies, and what do those stages mean for your pet parent responsibilities?
I’ll answer these questions, give you some tips on how to help your pup not poop everywhere (yes, this is an actual thing), and tell you about the very interesting things that happen inside your dog’s body as he digests his food. I promise it will be worth it!
The Stages Of Digestion In Dogs And What They Mean For You Picking up poop is not the only major responsibility of a pet parent. I know it’s gross, but you also have to clean up your dog’s pee and puke. You can’t just leave those bodily fluids where they land or you’ll quickly turn your house into something out of a horror movie..
Now if you haven’t already taken your dog’s digestive system apart, I suggest you do so now for the sake of your carpets. Alright, well actually before you take it apart let me lay out how digestion works in dogs . It will make cleaning up after him much easier!
Your pup has three stages of digestion WELL four if we are being technical. The first stage starts with your furry friend looking at that delicious food sitting in his bowl, and then he tastes it. The taste signals the brain that food is coming, and the digestive glands in the stomach start to produce enzymes that will break down food for energy or nutrients .
This stage can last anywhere from 20 minutes to 3 hours depending on how big the meal was, how much fat it contains, what type of food it is, and if there are any drugs or medication in the meal.
The next stage of digestion happens in your pup’s small intestine. This is where all the nutrients from food are absorbed into his body… well not quite yet. Before he can absorb nutrients, enzymes break down carbohydrates, proteins, lipids (fats), fiber, water-soluble vitamins, and some minerals into smaller particles that can be more easily absorbed into the body .
Food then enters the large intestine where it is broken down into even smaller particles while bacteria in the gut produce Vitamin K and some B-Vitamins. The rest of the water gets absorbed back into your dog’s body by osmosis through his intestinal wall.
The final stage of digestion is the assimilation of nutrients into your dog’s body cells that will be used for energy or to build new cells . By now those proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids have been broken down into their most basic units as amino acids, glucose, and fatty acids. These particles are absorbed into the blood through the intestinal wall, and the cells of your pup’s body use them for energy .
A healthy puppy’s digestive system can process food quickly. This means that if he eats a large meal, it will take around 3 to 4 hours for it to make its way through his stomach and small intestine. At most it will take 5 to 6 hours for the whole process to be complete.
That leaves anywhere from 4 to 5 hours of your pup’s digestive system working at full force before needing some time off to let food sit in his stomach and small intestine while it finishes processing. It is important for you, the responsible pet parent, to not feed him again within one hour or less before he will need to poop, or the food will just come out undigested.
This is why it’s important to give your pup scheduled mealtimes instead of free feeding, so you can avoid the problem of him pooping everywhere all the time . This makes housebreaking much easier!
#4. Dalmatians come spot-free.
The Dalmatian is known for their coat full of white spots, but they are born without them. The dogs are actually completely white at birth and begin getting their spots at around the 4 to 5-week mark.
The spots develop as the puppies shed their first coat and a new one comes in, eventually leaving them with their distinctive look. The spots can come in different sizes, shapes and even numbers per individual dog.
In addition to the spots, they also have certain physical characteristics that make them easy to identify from other breeds of dogs including their very short tail, stocky build and unique stripes down their legs.
The Dalmatian was officially recognized as a breed by the American Kennel Club in 1888. In 1780, they were first bred to be a sporting dog who would run alongside carriages and help keep other dogs from chasing the horses pulling them. Later on, they were used as a guard dog, especially when firemen needed them to run in front of their carts.
Today the Dalmatian is still recognized for being great with horses and other animals including cats, birds and rabbits though they have also been known to be excellent watchdogs due to their strong protective instincts. They typically weigh between 55 lbs. and 80 lbs. and stand anywhere from 17 inches to 23 inches tall at the shoulder.
The Dalmatian prefers a cooler climate as they are generally intolerant of heat, which makes them perfect for living in areas with colder winters. They also work well as house pets due to their low-shedding coats as long as they get enough exercise each day and don’t spend too much time confined indoors.
With the proper training, they can be great family pets as long as there are no small children around that may play too rough with them due to their size and strength. Generally speaking, they get along well with people as well as other dogs and cats, so they do best in homes with either another dog to keep them company or at least one other pet in the house.
It is important for owners to make sure they are up-to-date on their vaccinations, especially if they plan to take their dogs outside regularly or into public areas like parks where they will be more vulnerable to catching something from another animal.
#5. Breed size is related to litter size.
In general, the larger a dog is, the more puppies it will have. A dog like a German Shepherd might have an average of 8 puppies while Chihuahua puppies generally come in a litter of around 4.
It is just one of the things that drive up the prices of small dogs. Another one is the belief that small dogs are “cute”, even though some breeders say they’re only kept because they’re expensive.
Small dogs do not necessarily need less attention than large ones, but they often get it anyway. However, many people prefer large breeds because of their appearance or protection ability (assuming this is related to size).
#6. Puppies have a soft spot.
Just like human babies, puppies have soft spots or fontanels. Most owners will be unaware of this because they usually close up between weeks 4 and 6 before they can be taken home.
Some soft spots can take longer to close and this is normally the case with toy breeds. If you purchase a puppy and notice that its fontanels, or soft spots on the top of its head are still open then this is likely to be normal.
Do not panic as it does not indicate that your pup is ill or has been mistreated. It simply means that your little one is a toy breed and will close up in due course.
There are some rare cases where puppies have been born with a soft spot which never closes correctly, leaving them with a permanent opening in their skull. This can leave them with some serious brain damage but this is very rare indeed and would more than likely result in an earlier death for the pup anyway if it were to survive.
If you are concerned about your puppy’s fontanels then contact a veterinary surgeon immediately.
They may be able to carry out an X-ray to check that everything is okay, but this will cost money and could prove inconclusive as the condition may not require any treatment or further care.
The best thing for you to do is take your new little friend for a visit to the vet and let them make the decision on what is best.
It is far more common for owners to notice that their puppy’s fontanels are still open when they reach maturity, around 12 months of age. If this happens then it is not something which will correct itself, you will need to contact your vet for further advice.
It is not unheard of for vets to perform surgery to close up these openings in the skull, but this can be expensive and may well result in further problems due to an unskilled surgeon. If you were unlucky enough to have purchased a pup with this condition then it will cost you money, even if it did not cost you a medical condition.
For this reason it is not recommended that owners take the risk and opt for surgery, but instead they should be aware of what their pups fontanels look like and monitor them throughout their life to make sure that they never close up too much which could result in serious illness or death.
#7. Small dogs mature faster.
Most dog breeds will be fully mature between 12 and 24 months with small dogs maturing much faster than larger breeds. It is pretty much impossible to determine the exact age of a dog by its size, though. This can only be done by looking at a dog’s teeth. It is important to know the age of your pet so you can keep track of their growth and development throughout the first few years.
When checking out your dog’s teeth, look at their baby or milk teeth (also known as puppy teeth). Normal adult (permanent) teeth will appear soon after all 20 baby/milk teeth have fallen out (when they are replaced with an equal number of permanent teeth).
There are several ways to tell how old your pup really is:
Method I: Age in Puppy Teeth and Adult Teeth – At what age do the puppy teeth fall out?
Method II: Age in Human Years – How old is my dog according to a human lifespan?
Method III: Dental Development Stages – When do dogs have all of their adult teeth?
***If you are looking for a quick and easy way to tell how old your dog is using date of birth, please check out our post on how old is my dog in people years. ***
Also see: What Is the Life Span of Dogs? or How Long Do Dogs Live | Longevity of Dog Breeds.
#8. 24 is the record.
The previouse record for most puppies born in a litter is 24. The proud mother, Tia was a Mastiff and the birth occurred in 2004. The pups were born through the C section and the litter consisted of 9 females and 15 males. Sadly one was stillborn and three died the first week.
The biggest litter of puppies ever was 36. The proud parents were a Basset Hound and a Bulldog and the birth occurred in Canada in 1955. There were 21 males and 15 females. Sadly, there was only one survivor which went on to be a mother herself after being spayed.
A record breaking puppy is also known as a “super puppy”. A super puppy has a greater than 29 decillion chance of becoming an adult dog, that’s 35 zeros! This is because the variation from the breed refers to genetic differences between breeds with Labradors being more likely to become adults over Mastiffs for example. In general though, larger breeds are less likely to live as long as smaller ones with average life expectancy at 10-14 years.
The number of trials it takes to get a puppy is also important. The average is 10,000 times but can range between 3,800 and 12,000. This makes the probability of getting your desired breed greater than 1 in 100 million!
The biggest litter known to man was 555 puppies! They were whippets (a type of dog) and the birth occurred in Texas USA in 2004. There were 299 males and 13 females who survived their first six months with 30 or so dying each year after that until at least 14 years old which stands as an age record for the breed. Sadly one died before reaching its first birthday due to excess strain on his heart muscles at just two days old! He was named Benedict Arnold by the media after he was let down by his heart.
There is no evidence to suggest that the world’s biggest litter ever will be matched anytime soon, if at all. However there are many other super dogs out there currently who need homes so please consider adopting one before buying! If you do decide to buy then please make sure that you understand all of the health conditions that might affect your pet in their lifetime and take out comprehensive insurance in case anything happens! Happy puppy hunting =)
#9. Puppies will sleep 20 hours a day.
If you are excited about that new puppy, keep in mind that they will not be very active for some time. Short bursts of activity followed by long naps will be the norm. If you have kids, make sure that they understand his reality.
Here are some ways to make sure he gets enough physical activity without overdoing it:
1. Be patient! Puppies grow at an amazing rate during their first year. It can take up to seven months for him to get all of his organs in place, and until they settle down he won’t have a lot of stamina.
2. Puppies generally need to pee about 5 minutes after eating and drinking – so keep an eye on them! If you’re taking him out on a leash, keep him by your side until he pees, then praise and reward him before you let him wander and explore. This will help prevent house training accidents. Young puppies can’t hold it for more than two hours, but as they mature this time will expand to six or more. Be sure to take his age into consideration when planning outings, play dates and sleep times.
3. Sleep is as important as food! Just like human babies (but unlike adult dogs) puppies spend about half their sleeping time in REM (rapid eye movement). That means if they snooze in the day, they need to sleep at night.
4. Crate training is a great way to make sure your pup gets enough rest and protection when you can’t supervise him, but long periods in crates or small spaces are not healthy for any dog. Leave him in the crate for about an hour after eating; then take him out briefly (maybe 5-10 minutes) before putting him back in the crate, where he should sleep until morning. No one likes to be locked up all night, so you might have some accidents if he doesn’t need to go out yet during the night! If his behavior changes drastically when left alone for a while, see a vet who specializes in behavior problems since it could indicate that he needs to see a specialist about some possible underlying issues.
5. Be aware of those “witching hours” between midnight and 4 AM, when your pup will be the most active and least likely to settle down for his first nap or night’s sleep (a short one). Once he’s over two and a half months old and is on more set schedules these times might change; until then you may have to get up at odd hours and play with him if he gets into mischief! They go through another spurt of growth between 5-7 months, so pay attention to what times suit him best. Remember that it also depends on whether he’s taken out by his owners – some dogs prefer the early morning, while others are awake in the middle of the night.
6. Be careful when using any potentially harmful substances, such as flea treatments or training aids, on your puppy. Some are toxic if ingested in large quantities or for certain breeds (such as collies). Talk to your vet about which products are safe for his age and breed.
7. Use only positive reinforcement! No means NO! He will be more responsive if you’re not constantly nagging him about what NOT to do, but instead praise him when he does things right. It’s important that he feels good about obeying you; then later on you can correct any problems without too much stress for either of you! Almost all behavior issues are related to fear, insecurity or anxiety –
#10. Puppy fur is different.
A puppy will have a different coat than an adult. At birth, they will have a softer single-layer coat. They will lose this coat at 4 to 6 months and develop a thicker and usually coarser adult coat.
The hair they will grow and the best time to groom it varies by breed and in some breeds, gender. The following is a basic guide on when to start combing/brushing your puppy’s coat:
* Bichon Frise – none needed or wanted! Male or female, they are very low shedders and can be brushed weekly.
* Maltese – usually not needed until they are about 4 to 6 months of age and their adult coat starts growing in. If there is a lot of shedding going on, brush them weekly.
* Shih Tzu – Some breeders suggest you begin brushing a Shih Tzu puppy at 3 weeks of age. If your puppy was bred by show standards, then you should be brushing the soft coat that the pup was born with to keep it in best possible condition. You can brush them weekly, but I suggest daily when they are little.
* Yorkshire Terrier – Start combing/brushing when their adult coat starts growing in at 4 to 6 months.
* Lhasa Apso – Start combing/brushing at 4 to 6 months when their adult coat starts growing in. If there is a lot of shedding going on, brush them weekly.
* Maltipoo – Some breeders suggest you begin brushing this pup at 3 weeks of age, but I think you can wait until their adult coat starts growing in at 4 to 6 months. If your puppy was bred by show standards, then you should be brushing the soft coat that the pup was born with to keep it in best possible condition.
* Jack Russell Terrier – Start combing/brushing when their adult coat starts growing in at 4 to 6 months. If there is a lot of shedding going on, brush them weekly. You may need to do more as they get older as some JRT’s have a tendency to become heavy shedders.
* Coton De Tulear – Usually not needed until they are about 4 to 6 months of age and their adult coat starts growing in. They will shed a lot between 4 and 12 months of age. If there is a lot of shedding going on, brush them weekly.
* Cavalier King Charles Spaniel – Usually not needed until they are about 4 to 6 months of age and their adult coat starts growing in. They will shed less than most other breeds when they mature, but because this breed has hair, not fur- you may still need to brush/comb every day during the heavy shedding times.
* Poodle – The mini’s do not usually grow an “adult” coat until they are about 2 years old and the Toy’s can take even longer! You should be brushing a mini or toy poodle daily with a pin brush or slicker brush starting at 3 weeks of age. If you are showing, don’t forget to start your show prep at 3 weeks! The adults should be brushed daily or every other day with a pin brush or slicker brush as they tend to not shed much during the year, but will need more grooming when they “blow their coat.”
* Shiba Inu – Start combing/brushing at 4 to 6 months when their adult coat starts growing in. You may have to do this daily depending on how fast the adult coat grows in and how much it sheds.
* Maltese X – Some breeders suggest you begin brushing this pup at 3 weeks of age, but I think you can wait until their adult coat starts growing in at 4 to 6 months.
Conclusion: Puppies are so cute, but it is important to be aware of their vulnerabilities. If you have a puppy or know someone who does, here’s some safety tips from the ASPCA on how to ensure your pup stays safe and healthy. These include never leaving them alone in an area with running water such as a sink without supervision and making sure they don’t get crushed by picking up a small dog by its front legs rather than under its body where all that weight can crush them easily. Which other facts about puppies did you find interesting? Let us know!
You may be interested in, https://petaegis.com/tips-for-traveling-with-your-dog/