How is Diabetes Treated in cats?
Cat Diabetic: Our felines are greedy, which is why there are ailments such as Diabetes in cats! Find out how to spot the problem and change Micio’s diet.
Diabetes in cats is an endocrine disease that shares many characteristics with type 2 diabetes man.
In recent years, the spread of this disease has increased in direct proportion to the increase in cat obesity.
Here is a guide on recognizing the symptoms of a diabetic cat and how to treat them.
What is Diabetes?
Cat Diabetic: Diabetes in cats is a widespread ailment, especially in overweight pets. It is a disease that prevents the cat’s body from using glucose (sugar) as an energy source.
In a healthy organism, during digestion, food is broken down into different elements, including glucose which is typically absorbed by the blood and used to supply energy to various organs.
Insulin, the peptide hormone whose production, in the case of diabetes mellitus, can be abnormal, is needed to ensure that glucose passes from the blood to the cells that transform it.
In most cases, however, the dysfunction is linked to receptors that are unable to make it bind to the cells.
What are the types of Diabetes?
There are essentially two forms of Diabetes in cats:
- The diabetes mellitus (the proper Diabetes) in which there is a dysfunction or deficiency of insulin;
- The diabetes insipidus caused by a deficiency of ADH (anti-diuretic hormone).
In cats, the most common form of Diabetes (and the one we are dealing with) is diabetes mellitus.
How does Diabetes come to cats?
The causes of Diabetes in cats can be many. Feline Diabetes can, in fact, be a complication of multiple diseases such as hyperthyroidism or a direct consequence of obesity.
What are the symptoms of a cat with Diabetes?
Symptoms of Diabetes in cats are easily recognized. The cat exhibits a great increase in thirst, drinks much more than usual, and consequently also increases the need to urinate.
The cat may also have alopecia, weight loss, or urinary tract infections.
The values of a cat with Diabetes
To understand if the cat is sick, you must contact your veterinarian, who will prescribe blood and urine tests for a diagnosis of Diabetes. These tests show blood glucose levels.
In the event that the fasting cat’s blood sugar exceeds 250 mg/dl, there is an increase in the value of fructosamines and glycosuria (high presence of glucose in the urine), the cat is probably suffering from Diabetes.
The doctor will also perform a general examination of the cat’s health in order to exclude the possibility of other ailments.
Glycosuria: what is it, and how is it diagnosed?
The presence of glucose in the urine (glycosuria) is generally obtained from the chemical-physical examination of the urine by reading the dipstick (semi-quantitative survey). This way is possible to quantify the presence of glucose in the urine which, compared to the physiological values of the cat, can help us in the diagnosis.
Glucose is normally assimilated by the kidneys unless it exceeds the real absorption threshold (280-290 mg / dL in cats). In this case, it will be excreted as it is during urination and we will speak of a diabetic condition.
Persistent and transient hyperglycemia in cats
For each type of pathology, there are determining factors that, if present, facilitate the onset of the clinical problem. For example, the stress in cats is the main cause of transient hyperglycemia.
Stress involves the massive release of epinephrine (chemical mediator) which will significantly affect the absorption of glucose at the level of the renal tubules causing mild to moderate glycosuria.
The causes of persistent hyperglycemia, on the other hand, are many:
- diabetes mellitus (usually high glycosuria);
- occasionally hyperthyroidism.
Managing the diseases (or conditions) predisposing to Diabetes helps achieve recovery.
How is cat diabetes treated?
The therapy against feline Diabetes begins with insulin injections to be administered to the cat twice a day in order to avert the danger of hyperglycemia and rebalance thirst and appetite.
This treatment must be accompanied by a diet adapted to the disorder.
Feeding a diabetic cat
The cure for cat diabetes must also necessarily include a healthy and balanced diet.
How to set the diet of the cat with eating disorders?
Our little furry friend should be fed specific foods rich in fiber that allow you to control the intake of carbohydrates and thus adapt the energy intake. On the market, you can find kibble for Diabetes with which to feed our cat.
Homeopathy for Diabetes in cats
Alternative methods such as homeopathy can also be used to treat cat diabetes.
In this case, we will contact the homeopathic veterinarian who can recommend blueberry extract (to be diluted in water and administered between meals) for its antioxidant properties.
Even chromium picolinate can be a great help in the case of feline Diabetes for its ability to improve the metabolism of fat and sugar.
However, always ask your trusted veterinarian for advice since homeopathy does not have scientific evidence to date.
What is the life expectancy of a diabetic cat?
A very interesting fact about Diabetes in cats is that this disorder, unlike dog diabetes, is reversible and has the potential to cure.
Therefore, if the cat is treated in time and with the appropriate treatment, it can face the disease and overcome it, without consequences on health, and live a healthy and long life.
Cat Diabetic, Pet Aegis